Atopic dermatitis: description of the causes, symptoms, treatment

One of the types of congenital systemic allergic disease is atopic dermatitis. This disease is a chronic inflammation, which is associated with a constant immune response to allergens. Also, this inflammation support bacterial or fungal infection.

It differs from other corpuscular dermatitis mild allergy disease process, it has a vicious circle, where the reaction at any allergen triggers a chain of responses, and those re-activate the reaction of allergy.

Causes of atopic dermatitis

The disease is mainly a manifestation of internal reasons: features that are inherited or that occur during fetal development. It plays an important role can also be skin hypersensitivity, which is linked to the wrong biochemical processes in the regulation of skin condition, ie atopy, indicating increased susceptibility to acute reactions allergies. Often such dermatitis occurs with other chronic allergies such as hay fever, bronchial asthma and other types.

Atopic dermatitis is approximately 90% of cases have been reported in children of preschool age, even in the first year of their life. The risk of such an allergy increases when one of the parents suffered already once atopic dermatitis is an allergic or without atopy, but conveys precisely this tendency to the development of this type of allergy.

It should also take into account those factors that during pregnancy the mother bad habits and other mutagens: smoking, alcohol, unhealthy diet, inflammatory and infectious diseases, adverse environment may lead to mutations and then the child is in utero acquires a tendency to dermatitis.

Symptoms of atopic dermatitis

Of particular disease symptom that any skin processes, including increased sweating, always accompanied by itching. Typically, atopic dermatitis affects the delicate and sensitive skin areas: face, elbow and axillary folds, popliteal and inguinal areas. The disease is chronic with exacerbations and remissions.

With this type of allergy is marked dry skin, tendency to form non-pigmented and whitish spots, the appearance of scales. The palms of the hands and feet look folded, the folds can also be seen on the neck. Often, the patient has a rash, irritation, inflammation occurs, which are difficult to treat.

To make an accurate diagnosis of the disease is carried out a blood test, which revealed increased concentration of IgE in atopic dermatitis (nonspecific and specific antibodies).

Treatment of atopic dermatitis

Considering that this type of allergy is a systemic disease, its treatment should be comprehensive, aimed at the removal of uncomfortable symptoms, strengthen and maintain the immune system, normalize metabolism.

This treatment has the following general principles:

  • Adjusted lifestyle and diet for the protection of the patient from the meetings with the allergen;
  • Systemic exposure to the mechanisms of allergy, inflammation on her, trying to reduce the power to slow down the process and break the chain of reactions that are linked with each other;
  • Assign antibacterial and antifungal agents to suppress infections;
  • Activates the metabolism, strengthens the immune system, normalize the digestive, nervous, endocrine system, and so on;
  • Carry out external treatment of allergies.

Folk remedies Treatment of atopic dermatitis

Surprisingly sweeping views of traditional medicine in the problem, which concerns atopic dermatitis, healers advised to vengeance, above all, consult your doctor, and then apply all sorts of old wives’ recipes. It should be noted that it is not recommended to use a herbal bath in this disease, and in folk and scientific medicine, as they dry the skin. And in order to bring the skin back to normal on the contrary it is necessary to humidify. For this are advised to use celery juice, potato pulp of plantain.

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