On many occasions parents are not able to distinguish when our child is suffering from bronchitis, an asthma attack or when it is only a temporary cough. In today’s article we are going to see exactly what bronchitis is, and how we can prevent it.
How to Treat and Prevent Bronchitis in Children
Bronchitis is an inflammation of the respiratory tract, more specifically the bronchial tubes, usually caused by viruses. Bronchitis can also occur in children with chronic sinusitis, allergies or in those children who are suffering from tonsillitis.
Bronchiolitis is pathology similar to bronchitis, except that in this case it appears in children 3 to 6 months of age and it is an inflammation of the deeper respiratory tract.
In children, both bronchitis and bronchiolitis occur acutely, that is, suddenly and for a duration not exceeding the week or sometimes only a few days, often as a consequence of a viral process, such as a cold or seasonal flu.
Acute bronchitis appears with the symptoms common to a cold, such as congestion, runny nose, sore throat and apathy, but unlike these, bronchitis causes inflammation of the tubes that lead the air to the lungs resulting in dry cough and persistent that sometimes turns into a cough with mucus that may be yellowish gray or green.
In the treatment of bronchitis in children, which as we have discussed, usually lasts between several days and one or two weeks, we must avoid the use of antibiotics. Bronchitis in 90% of cases is caused by viruses, so the use of antibiotics is useless unless a doctor has concluded that administration is necessary because of the possible consequences that bronchitis is having on the health of the most little ones.
If the child’s cough does not improve within a few days, we should contact our primary care provider, as well as if the child has other symptoms such as fever, fast or difficult breathing, or chest pain. These types of symptoms may indicate that there is a more serious underlying disease such as pneumonia. In most cases bronchitis heals on its own, but if our child has bronchitis repeatedly we should contact our doctor.
To prevent a simple cold from furthering bronchitis or even pneumonia, we will ensure that our child rests long enough for his or her defense system to be strengthened and also prevent the child from being exposed to tobacco smoke.
With regard to food, we must take into account that younger children up to six months and even up to the year can prevent a large number of diseases if they are fed with breast milk, in the case of older children, we must insist on the Consumption of fruits and vegetables that contain the necessary vitamins and minerals so that the child’s defenses are 100%.
These are pathologies that appear more frequently in winter, we will pay close attention to the warm clothes that our child wears, we will avoid abrupt changes of temperature and if we decide we can vaccinate it as a method of prevention of some of the illnesses related to the apparatus respiratory.
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