Our hands are in contact with a large number of microorganisms that can cause us serious health problems if they are not eliminated quickly. Therefore, it is essential that your hygiene becomes a regular practice that we perform correctly several times throughout the day.
Hand hygiene is an important action if you want to avoid the spread of diseases. This measure may seem like something we all do when and how we should, but it is not always the case. Therefore, in the Spanish Heart Foundation (FEC) we want to remember the importance of this action to prevent infections, for example, those of viral origin or those that produce influenza or pneumonia. In addition to avoiding illness, regular handwashing helps prevent the transmission of these pathogens to the people with whom we are in contact.
How to wash your hands
We must insist on the importance of proper hygiene of our hands to eliminate all microorganisms. It follows the following recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO):
- Wet hands with water and deposit liquid soap in the palms.
- Rub the palms of your hands together and interlacing your fingers.
- Rub each palm against the back of the other hand and interlacing the fingers.
- Rub the tips of your fingers around your thumbs and wrists.
- Rinse hands with water and dry with a clean towel.
You can also download a brochure prepared by the Ministry of Health and Social Policy in which you can graphically learn the different steps of handwashing process.
When to wash your hands
There are situations that involve a greater risk of disease, so extreme precautions at the moment:
- Before eating.
- Before and during food preparation (great care must be taken especially when handling different types of raw and cooked foods).
- Before and after going to the bathroom.
- If an animal has been touched.
- After the visit of some sick person or to go to a health center.
- After wiping your nose, coughing or sneezing.
- Having played away from home, in a park, etc.
- Before healing / cleaning any wound.
- Before and after changing a baby’s diaper.
- After manipulating money and trash.
Teach the little ones
Keeping your hands clean is a little more complicated for the little ones in the house. Hence it is parents who have to pay more attention to creating a habit that prevents the spread of diseases. How to get it? Very simple: preach by example, wash your hands with your child and teach him how to do it correctly, step by step, without hurry. It is important that at the end of the washing process you check your hands and nails well to make sure they have been clean and dry.
Health professionals, a group at greater risk
Although hand hygiene is an issue that concerns us all, regardless of our work activity, professionals working in health centers are more vulnerable to the spread and spread of diseases. For this reason, the World Health Organization, in the framework of the SAVE LIVES: Clean your Hands campaign , organizes the World Day of Hand Hygiene on Saturday 5 May to raise awareness and involve physicians, nurses and all health professionals in the prevention of healthcare-related infections through this simple and effective measure. We invite you to watch the video of the campaign carried out by the Ministry of Health and Social Policy.
In this line, the National Health System (NHS) has created a Hand Hygiene Program that is very useful for health professionals and the rest of the population. Enter your website and consult its advice, resources, reports, links and news. They are really useful!
You know, to prevent disease, wash your hands well whenever you can, especially in situations where you are most at risk for infection. Do it for your health and that of your own.